Yemenis are Not Arab – Prof. Muhammad Shamsaddin Megalommatis
Then why Romans called Yemen Arabian Felix?
First, please, don’t forget that the text is not mine, but Prof. Muhammad Shamsaddin Megalommatis’! I only made the video out of his article that you can read in the link indicated in the introduction!
However, my knowledge of the subject is all due to Prof. Megalommatis’ articles and books on these topics, and to my discussions with him.
The division of the Arabian Peninsula into three parts (Arabia Petraea, Arabia Felix, and Arabia Deserta or Magna) is not the invention of the Romans but of the Greeks.
You need to read Ptolemy’s Geography to understand how the Ancient Egyptians of Alexandria, the Greeks, and the Romans viewed the entire peninsula.
Arabia Petraea was the Hejaz range of mountains from the area of today’s Jordanian-Saudi border down to Najran, which belongs to Yemen and is currently occupied by the Saudis.
Arabia Felix included Najran, the entire Yemen, Hadhramaut with its eastern part Mahra, Dhofar (today’s western half of Oman), Oman, the Emirates, Qatar and small part of today’s Saudi coast land west of Qatar. (So, Arabia Felix did indeed cover far larger territories than just modern Yemen. However, it did not extend up to the coast land of Mesopotamia in today’s Iraq and Kuwait).
Arabia Deserta covered all the rest, including the land from modern Dammam up to the border of Kuwait.
Now, why all this territory was called ‘Arabia’, despite the fact that the Arabs lived exclusively in the central and southern part of Hejaz (Arabia Petraea) and in spite of the evidence that, except the different Yemenite nations – Qataban, Himyar, Sheba, Awsan, Hadhramaut – and the Omanis, there were also Aramaeans in parts of that vast land (they lived in the northern part of Arabia Petraea – and the necropolis of the Nabataean kingdom was at Mada’in Saleh, just 400 km north of Madinah)?
Prof. Megalommatis is very clear on this: Greeks got all their geographical knowledge of the area (and of other locations) from the Assyrians, the Aramaeans, the Babylonians, the Phoenicians, and the Persians. The Assyrians and the Babylonians were the first to call the entire region ‘Arabia’ as early as the 9th c. BCE. The reason is that, in the said region, the Arabs were the first nation out (or if you want south) of the borders of Assyria and Babylonia (that included the northernmost confines of today’s Saudi territory). So, they named the entire territory after them (the Arabs).
The Yemenites became known to the Assyrians and the Babylonians slightly later.
This makes even more sense, if we take into consideration the fact that the Sargonid (722-625 BCE) expansion in the Orient included at least half the territory of the Arabs in Hejaz; It was only normal for Assyrians to call the rest of the peninsula after the name of a nation that they already controlled to large extent.
Yathribu (due to its mild summer climate) was by the way the location of the summer palace of Nabunaid (Nabonidus), the last Babylonian king. This is the city named Yathrib in Arabic, which was named ‘Madinah’ (meaning ‘city’, i.e. the city par excellence) after the prophet of Islam was accepted there.
When Achaemenid Iranians invaded lands as far as Egypt and North Sudan and developed the maritime transportation network from the area of today’s Suez to the Ormuz straits and the coast of their mainland (following the Periplus of Scylax of Caryander, who was commissioned by Darius), Arabia fell to decay. However, this did not concern the Yemenites who were formidable navigators and controlled the trade of Eastern Africa and Western India with the Mediterranean World, Iran, and Central Asia.
Although the topic of this book of Prof. Muhammad Shamsaddin Megalommatis is different, in some parts of it, you will find important points and details: https://www.academia.edu/23214313/Meluhha_Gerrha_and_the_Emirates_by_Muhammad_Shamsaddin_Megalommatis
In an article published before 8 years ( ! ), Prof. Muhammad Shamsaddin Megalommatis foresaw the then forthcoming and currently ongoing destruction of Yemen, and even more importantly, he identified the reasons for it: the fallacious ideologies of Pan-Arabism and Islamism detach various non-Arab nations (like the Yemenites, the Sudanese, the Egyptians, the Libyans, the Lebanese, the Syrians, the Palestinians, the Iraqis, the Kuwaitis, the Qataris, the Emiratis, the Omanis, the Tunisians, the Algerians, the Moroccans and the Mauritanians) from their identity, tradition, culture, integrity, true language, national history, and valuable heritage only to transform them into illiterate, ignorant, barbaric, idiotic, fanatic, and savage beings with no identity and no roots, able only to explode in hatred and paranoia because of the contradictory elements that develop in their minds and characters, following the shock of their indoctrination and deracination.
Yemenis are Not Arab
ELIMINATE YEMEN’S PAN-ARABIST TYRANNY — EMPOWER THE YEMENIS WITH NATIONAL & CULTURAL INTEGRITY
Sunday 31 May 2009
Ancient Yemen was inhabited by a Semitic nation whose descendants are a) the modern Yemenites, and b) the modern Abyssinians, the ruling minority of the Tigray and Amhara tribes, whose ancestors had left Yemen and settled on the Red Sea African coastland in the 1st millennium BCE. The affinities between Ancient Yemenite and Gueze (Ancient Abyssinian) are such (in both levels, linguistic and scriptural) that thanks to the latter (language of the Axumite Abyssinian Christian Liturgy) we deciphered the former.
Organized in various states, Sheba, Qataban, Himyar, Awsan, Hadhramawt and other smaller, the Ancient Yemenites colonized the East African coast from the Horn of Africa area down to the area of today’s Darussalam in Tanzania already since the last centuries BCE. Divided they warred against one another, not always to their common profit, and many times they cooperated with one another.
The Arabs were located in Hedjaz, between Yemen’s northernmost confines and the southern boundaries of the Aramaean Nabataean state of Rekem (Petra) in today’s southern Jordan and NW Saudi Arabia. At the times of the Periplus of the Erythraean (Red) Sea, i.e. the second half of the 1st century CE, we know that the Arabs were nomadic, barbaric and uncivilized.
Reflecting 400 years of Yemen’s incorporation into the Ottoman Empire (which was the Islamic Caliphate), we find the following masterpiece as quite befitting the contents of the great article published by Prof. Megalommatis.
Emirgan Ensemble – Klasik Osmanlı müziği – Ottoman music
Ud: Yurdal Tokcan
Ney: Mehmet Arif Erdebil
Kanun: Ihsan Özer
Tanbur: Necip Gülses
Klasik kemençe: Ahmet Kadri Rizeli
Vurmalı çalgılar: Fahrettin Yarkın
Parts start at: 00:00 – 4:45 – 7:37 – 13:09